Benjamin Keach’s Catechism (1693)

 

Benjamin KeachKeach’s Catechism

 

Benjamin Keach was a Baptist. He is noted for first introducing hymnology into the worship service. This Catechism was originally published to clarify the theology of the Second London Baptist Confession that was written in 1677 and published after the Glorious Revolution in 1689.

 


Q. 1. Who is the first and best of beings?

 

A. God is the first and best of beings.

 

(Isaiah 44:6; Psalm 8:1; 97:9)

 


Q. 2. What is the chief end of man?

 

A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.

 

(1 Cor. 10:31; Psalm 73:25-26)

 


Q. 3. How do we know there is a God?

 

A. The light of nature in man, and the works of God, plainly declare that there is a God; but His Word and Spirit only, do effectually reveal Him unto us for our salvation.

 

(Rom. 1:18-20; Psalm 19:1,2; 2 Tim. 3:15; 1 Cor. 1:21-24; 1 Cor. 2:9,10)

 


Q. 4. What is the Word of God?

 

A. The Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, being given by divine inspiration, are the Word of God, the only infallible rule of faith and practice.

 

(2 Peter 1:21; 2 Timothy 3:16,17; Isaiah 8:20)

 


Q. 5. How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God?

 

A. The Bible evidences itself to be God’s Word by the heavenliness of its doctrine, the unity of its parts, its power to convert sinners and to edify saints; but the Spirit of God only, bearing witness by and with the Scriptures in our hearts, is able fully to persuade us that the Bible is the Word of God.

 

(1 Cor. 2:6,7,13; Ps. 119:18, 129; Acts 10:43, 26:22; Acts 18:28; Heb 4:12; Ps. 19:7-9; Rom. 15:4; John 16:13,14; 1 John 2:20-27; 2 Cor. 3:14-17)

 


Q. 6. May all men make use of the Scriptures?

 

A. All men are not only permitted, but commanded and exhorted, to read, hear, and understand the Scriptures.

 

(John 5:39; Luke 16:29; Acts 8:28-30; 17:11)

 


Q. 7. What do the Scriptures principally teach?

 

A. The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God and what duty God requires of man.

 

(2 Tim. 3:16,17; John 20:31; Acts 24:14; 1 Cor. 10:11; Eccles. 12:13)

 


Q. 8. What is God?

 

A. God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in His being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness and truth.

 

(John 4:24; Ps. 147:5; Ps. 90:2; James 1:17; Rev. 4:8; Ps. 89:14; Exod. 34:6,7; 1 Tim. 1:17)

 


Q. 9. Are there more gods than one?

 

A. There is but one only, the living and true God.

 

(Deut. 6:4; Jeremiah 10:10)

 


Q. 10. How many persons are there in the Godhead?

 

A. There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory.

 

(1 Cor. 8:6; John 10:30; John 14:9; Acts 5:3,4; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14)

 


Q. 11. What are the decrees of God?

 

A. The decrees of God are His eternal purpose, according to the counsel of His will, whereby for His own glory, He has fore-ordained whatsoever comes to pass

 

(Eph. 1:11; Rom. 11:36; Dan. 4:35)

 


Q. 12. How does God execute His decrees?

 

A. God executes His decrees in the works of creation and providence.

 

(Gen. 1:1; Rev. 4:11; Matt. 6:26; Acts 14:17)

 


Q. 13. What is the work of creation?

 

A. The work of creation is God’s making all things of nothing, by the Word of His power, in the space of six days, and all very good.

 

(Gen. 1:1; Heb. 11:3; Ex. 20:11; Gen. 1:31)

 


Q. 14. How did God create man?

 

A. God created man male and female, after His own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.

 

(Gen. 1:27; Col. 3:10; Eph. 4:24; Gen. 1:28)

 


Q. 15. What are God’s works of providence?

 

A. God’s works of providence are His most holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing all His creatures, and all their actions.

 

(Neh. 9:6; Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:3; Ps. 103:19; Matt. 10:29,30)

 


Q. 16. What special act of providence did God exercise towards man, in the estate wherein he was created?

 

A. When God had created man, He entered into a covenant of works with him, upon condition of perfect obedience, forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death.

 

(Gen. 2:16,17; Gal. 3:12; Rom. 5:12)

 


Q. 17. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?

 

A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God.

 

(Gen. 3:6; Eccles. 7:29; Rom. 5:12)

 


Q. 18. What is sin?

 

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God.

 

(1 John 3:4; Rom. 5:13)

 


Q. 19. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?

 

A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit.

 

(Gen. 3:6,12,13)

 


Q. 20. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?

 

A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his posterity, all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him in his first transgression.

 

(1 Cor. 15:21,22; Rom. 5:12,18,19)

 


Q. 21. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

 

A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.

 

(Ps. 51:5; Rom. 5:18,19: Is. 64:6)

 


Q. 22. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereunto man fell?

 

A. The sinfulness of that estate whereunto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin, together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it.

 

(Rom. 5:19; 3:10; Eph. 2:1; Is. 53:6; Ps. 51:5; Matt. 15:19)

 


Q. 23. What is the misery of that estate whereunto man fell?

 

A. All mankind, by their fall lost communion with God, are under His wrath and curse, and 80 made liable to all the miseries of this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever.

 

(Gen. 3:8,24; Eph. 2:3; Gal. 3:10; Rom. 6:23; Matt. 25:41-46; Ps. 9:17)

 


Q. 24. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?

 

A. God, out of His mere good pleasure, from all eternity, having chosen a people to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation, by a Redeemer.

 

(Eph. 1:3,4; 2 Thess. 2:13; Rom. 5:21; Acts 13:8; Jer. 31:33)

 


Q. 25. Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?

 

A. The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was and continues to be God and man, in two distinct natures and one person, forever.

 

(Gal. 3:13;1 Tim. 2:5; John 1:14; 1 Tim. 3:16; Rom. 9:5; Col. 2:9)

 


 

Q 26. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

 

A. Christ, the Son of God became man by taking to himself a true body and a reasonable soul; being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary and born of her, yet without sin.

 

(Heb. 2:14; Matt. 26:38; Luke 2:52; John 12:27; Luke 1:31,35; Heb. 4:15; 7:26)

 


Q. 27. What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?

 

A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executes the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in His estate of humiliation and exaltation.

 

(Acts 3:22; Heb. 5:6; Ps. 2:6)

 


Q. 28. How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?

 

A. Christ executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by this Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.

 

(John 1:18; 14:26; 15:15)

 


Q. 29. How does Christ execute the office of a priest?

 

A. Christ executes the office of a priest, in His once offering up of Himself, a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercession for us.

 

(1 Peter 2:24; Heb. 9:28; Eph. 5:2; Heb. 2:17; 7:25; Rom. 8:34)

 


Q. 30. How does Christ execute the office of a king?

 

A. Christ executes the office of a king, in subduing us to Himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all His and our enemies.

 

(Ps. 110:3; Matt. 2:6; 1 Cor. 15:25)

 


Q. 31. Wherein did Christ’s humiliation consist?

 

A. Christ’s humiliation consisted in His being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross, in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.

 

(Luke 2:7; Gal. 4:4; Is. 53:3; Luke 22:44; Matt. 27:46; Phil. 2:8; Matt. 12:40; Mark 15:45,46)

 


Q. 32. Wherein consists Christ’s exaltation?

 

A. Christ’s exaltation consists in His rising again from the dead on the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last day.

 

(1 Cor. 15:4; Acts 1:11; Mark 16:19; Acts 17:31)

 


 

Q. 33. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?

 

A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us, by His Holy Spirit.

 

(John 3:5,6; Titus 3:5,6)

 


Q. 34. How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?

 

A. The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.

 

(Eph. 2:8; 3:17)

 


Q. 35. What is effectual calling?

 

A. Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills, He does persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the Gospel.

 

(2 Tim. 1:9; John 16:8-11; Acts 2:37; 26:18; Ezekiel 36:26; John 6:44,45; 1 Cor. 12:3)

 


Q. 36. What benefits do they that are effectually called, partake of in this life?

 

A. They that are effectually called, do in this life partake of justification, adoption, sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them.

 

(Rom. 8:30; Gal. 3:26; 1 Cor. 6:11; Rom. 8:31,32; Eph. 1:5; 1 Cor. 1:30)

 


Q. 37. What is justification?

 

A. Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein He pardons all our sins, and accepts us as righteous in His sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.

 

(Rom. 3:24; Eph. 1:7; 2 Cor. 5:21; Rom. 5:19; Phil. 3:9; Gal. 2:16)

 


Q. 38. What is adoption?

 

A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God.

 

(1 John 3:1; John 1:12; Rom. 8:16,17)

 


Q. 39. What is sanctification?

 

A. Sanctification is a work of God’s free grace whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.

 

(2 Thess. 2:13; Eph. 4:23,24; Rom. 6:11)

 


Q. 40. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?

 

A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God’s love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end.

 

(Rom. 5:1-5; 14:17; Prov. 4:18; 1 Peter 1:5;1 John 5:13)

 


Q. 41. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death?

 

A. The souls of believers are at death made perfect in holiness, and do immediately pass into glory, and their bodies, being still united to Christ, do rest in their graves till the resurrection.

 

(Heb. 12:23; Phil. 1:23; 2 Cor. 5:8; Luke 23:43; 1 Thess 4:14; Is. 57:2; Job 19:26)

 


Q. 42. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the Resurrection?

 

A. At the resurrection, believers become raised up in glory, shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment, and made perfectly blessed in the full enjoyment of God to all eternity.

 

(Phil. 3:20,21; 1 Cor. 15:42,43; Matt. 10:32; 1 John 3:2; 1 Thess. 4:17)

 


Q. 43. What shall be done to the wicked at death?

 

A. The souls of the wicked shall at death, be cast into the torments of hell, and their bodies lie in their graves till the resurrection and judgement of the great day.

 

(Luke 16:22-24; Ps. 49:14)

 


Q. 44. What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgement?

 

A. At the day of judgement, the bodies of the wicked, being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels forever.

 

(Dan. 12:2; John 5:28,29; 2 Thess. 1:9; Matt. 25:41)

 


Q. 45. What is the duty which God requires of man?

 

A. The duty which God requires of man, is obedience to His revealed will.

 

(Micah 6:8; Eccles. 12:13; Ps. 119:4; Luke 10:26-28)

 


Q. 46. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?

 

A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience was the moral law.

 

(Rom. 2:14,15; 5:13,14)

 


Q. 47. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?

 

A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments.

 

(Deut. 10:4; Matt. 19:17)

 


Q. 48. What is the sum of the Ten Commandments?

 

A. The sum of the Ten Commandments is, to love the Lord our God, with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbor as ourselves.

 

(Matt. 22:36-40; Mark 12:28-33)

 


Q. 49. What is the preface to the Ten Commandments?

 

A. The preface to the Ten Commandments is, “I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.”

 

(Exodus 20:2)

 


Q. 50. What does the preface to the Ten Commandments teach us?

 

A. The preface to the Ten Commandments teaches us, that because God is the Lord, and our God and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all His commandments.

 

(Deut 11:1)

 


Q. 51. Which is the first commandment?

 

A. The first commandment is, “Thou shalt have no other Gods before me.”

 

(Exodus 20:3)

 


Q. 52. What is required in the first commandment?

 

A. The first commandment requires us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God, and to worship and glorify Him accordingly.

 

(Joshua 24:15; 1 Chron. 28:9; Deut. 26:17; Ps. 29:2; Matt. 4:10)

 


Q. 53. What is forbidden in the first commandment?

 

A. The first commandment forbids the denying, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God, as God and our God; and the giving that worship and glory to any other, which is due unto Him alone.

 

(Joshua 24:27; Rom. 1:20,21; Ps. 14:1; Rom. 1:25)

 


Q. 54. What are we especially taught by these words, “before me,” in the first commandment?

 

A. These words, “before me”, in the first commandment, teach us, that God, who sees all things, takes notice of, and is much displeased with the sin of having any other God.

 

(Deut.30:17,18; Ps. 44:20,21; Ps. 90:8)

 


Q. 55. Which is the second commandment?

 

A. The second commandment is, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me: and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.”

 

(Exodus 20:4-6)

 


Q. 56. What is required in the second commandment?

 

A. The second commandment requires the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances, as God has appointed in His Word.

 

(Deut. 32:46; Matt. 28:20; Deut. 12:32)

 


Q. 57. What is forbidden in the second commandment?

 

A. The second commandment forbids the worshipping of God by images, or any other way not appointed in His Word.

 

(Rom. 1:22,23; Deut. 4:15,16; Matt. 15:9; Col. 2:18)

 


Q. 58. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?

 

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, are, God’s sovereignty over us, His propriety in us, and the zeal He has for His own worship.

 

(Ps. 45:11; Ex. 34:14; 1 Cor. 10:22)

 


Q. 59. Which is the third commandment?

 

A. The third commandment is, “Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.”

 

(Exodus 20:7)

 


Q. 60. What is required in the third commandment?

 

A. The third commandment requires the holy and reverent use of God’s names, titles, attributes, ordinances, words, and works.

 

(Ps.29:2; Deut. 32:1-4; Deut.28:58,59; Ps.111:9; Matt. 6:9, Eccles. 5:1; Ps. 138:2, Job 36:24; Rev. 15:3,4; Reve 4:8)

 


Q. 61. What is forbidden in the third commandment?

 

A. The third commandment forbids all profaning and abusing of any thing whereby God makes Himself known.

 

(Malachi 1:6,7; Lev. 20:3;19:12; Matt. 5:34-37; Isa. 52:5)

 


Q. 62. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

 

A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that howsoever the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape His righteous judgment.

 

(Deut. 28:58,59; Malachi 2:2)

 


Q. 63. Which is the fourth commandment?

 

A. The fourth commandment is, “Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maid servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.”

 

(Exodus 20:8-11)

 


Q. 64. What is required in the fourth commandment?

 

A. The fourth commandment requires the keeping holy to God such set times as He has appointed in His Word, expressly one whole day in seven to be a holy Sabbath to Himself.

 

(Lev. 19:30; Deut. 5:12)

 


Q. 65. Which day of the seven has God appointed to be the weekly Sabbath?

 

A. From the creation of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath.

 

(Gen. 2:3; John 20:19; Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1,2; Rev. 1:10)

 


Q. 66. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?

 

A. The Sabbath is to sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days, and spending the time in the public and private exercises of God’s worship, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.

 

(Lev. 23:3; Isa. 58:13,14; Isa. 66:23; Matt. 12:11,12)

 


Q. 67. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?

 

A. The fourth commandment forbids the ommission or careless performance of the duties required, and the profaning the day by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about worldly employments or recreations.

 

(Ezekiel 22:26; 23:38; Jer. 17:21; Neh. 13:15,17; Acts 20:7)

 


Q. 68. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?

 

A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God’s allowing us six days of the week for our own employments, His challenging a special propriety in the seventh, His own example and His blessing the Sabbath day.

 

(Exodus 34:21; 31:16,17; Gen. 2:2,3)

 


Q. 69. Which is the fifth commandment?

 

A. The fifth commandment is, “Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.”

 

(Exodus 20:12)

 


Q. 70. What is required in the fifth commandment?

 

A. The fifth commandment requires the preserving the honor, and performing the duties, belonging to every one in their several places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals.

 

(Lev. 19:32; 1 Peter 2:17; Rom. 13:1; Eph. 5:21,22; Eph. 6:1,5,9; Col. 3:19-22; Rom. 12:10)

 


Q. 71. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?

 

A. The fifth commandment forbids the neglecting of, or doing anything against the honor and duty which belongs to every one in their several places and relations.

 

(Prov. 30:17; Rom. 13:7,8)

 


Q. 72. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?

 

A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is a promise of long life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve God’s glory and their own good), to all such as keep this commandment.

 

(Eph. 6:2,3; Prov. 4:3-6; 6:20-22)

 


Q. 73. Which is the sixth commandment?

 

A. The sixth commandment is, “Thou shalt not kill.”

 

(Exodus 20:13)

 


Q. 74. What is required in the sixth commandment?

 

A. The sixth commandment requires all lawful endeavors to preserve our own life and the life of others.

 

(Eph. 5:29,30; Ps. 82:3,4; Prov. 24:11,12; Act 16:28)

 


Q. 75. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?

 

A. The sixth commandment forbids the taking away our own life, or the life of our neighbor unjustly, or whatsoever tends thereto.

 

(Gen. 4:10,11; 9:6; Matt. 5:21-26)

 


Q. 76. Which is the seventh commandment?

 

A. The seventh commandment is, “Thou shalt not commit adultery.”

 

(Exodus 20:14)

 


Q. 77. What is required in the seventh commandment?

 

A. The seventh commandment requires the preservation of our own and our neighbor’s chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior.

 

(1 Cor. 6:18; 7:2; 2 Tim. 2:22; Matt. 5:28; 1 Peter 3:2)

 


Q. 78. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?

 

A. The seventh commandment forbids all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions.

 

(Matt. 5:28-32; Job 31:1; Eph. 5:3,4; Rom. 13:13; Col. 4:6)

 


Q. 79. Which is the eighth commandment?

 

A. The eighth commandment is, “Thou shalt not steal.”

 

(Exodus 20:15)

 


Q. 80. What is required in the eighth commandment?

 

A. The eighth commandment requires the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward state of ourselves and others.

 

(Prov. 27:23; Lev. 25:35; Deut. 15:10; 22:14)

 


Q. 81. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?

 

A. The eighth commandment forbids whatsoever does or may unjustly hinder our own or our neighbor’s wealth or outward state.

 

(1 Tim. 5:8; Prov. 28:19; 23:20,21; Eph. 4:28)

 


Q. 82. Which is the ninth commandment?

 

A. The ninth commandment is, “Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.”

 

(Exodus 20:16)

 


Q. 83. What is required in the ninth commandment?

 

A. The ninth commandment requires the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, and of our own and our neighbor’s good name, especially in witness bearing.

 

(Zech. 8:16; Acts 25:10; Eccles. 7:1; 3 John 12; Prov. 14:5,25)

 


Q. 84. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?

 

A. The ninth commandment forbids whatsoever is prejudicial to truth, or injurious to our own, or our neighbor’s good name.

 

(Eph. 4:25; Ps. 15:3; 2 Cor. 8:20,21)

 


Q. 85. Which is the tenth commandment?

 

A. The tenth commandment is, “Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his man servant, nor his maid servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbor’s.”

 

(Exodus 20:17)

 


Q. 86. What is required in the tenth commandment?

 

A. The tenth commandment requires full contentment with our own condition, with a right and charitable frame of spirit towards our neighbor, and all that is his.

 

(Heb. 13:5;1 Tim. 6:6; Rom. 12:15; 1 Cor. 13:4-7; Lev. 19:18)

 


Q. 87. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?

 

A. The tenth commandment forbids all discontentment with our own estate, envying or grieving at the good of our neighbor, and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his.

 

(1 Cor. 10:10; James 5:9; Gal. 5:26; Col. 3:5)

 


Q. 88. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?

 

A. No mere man, since the fall, is able in this life, perfectly to keep the commandments of God, but daily breaks them in thought, word, and deed.

 

(Eccles. 7:20; Gen. 6:5; Gen. 8:21; 1 John 1:8; James 3:8; James 3:2; Rom. 3:23)

 


Q. 89. What then is the purpose of the law since the fall?

 

A. The purpose of the law, since, the fall, is to reveal the perfect righteousness of God, that His people may know his will for their lives and the ungodly, being convicted of their sin, may be restrained therein and brought to Christ for salvation.

 

(Ps. 19:7-11; Rom. 3:20,31; 7:7; 12:2; Titus 2:12-14; Gal. 3:22,24; 1 Tim. 1:8)

 


Q. 90. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?

 

A. Some sins in themselves and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others.

 

(Ezekiel 8:13; John 19:11; 1 John 5:16)

 


Q. 91. What does every sin deserve?

 

A. Every sin deserves God’s wrath and curse, both in this life, and in that which is to come.

 

(Eph.5:6; Gal. 3:10; Prov. 3:33; Ps. 11:6; Rev. 21:8)

 


Q. 92. What does God require of us, that we may escape His wrath and curse, due to us for sin?

 

A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requires of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life, with the diligent use of all the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption.

 

(Acts 20:21; Acts 16:30,31; 17:30)

 


Q. 93. What is faith in Jesus Christ?

 

A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive and rest upon Him alone for salvation, as He is offered to us in the Gospel.

 

(Heb. 10:39; John 1:12; Phil. 3-9; Gal. 2:15,16)

 


Q. 94. What is repentance unto life?

 

A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace, whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin, and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, does, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God, with full purpose of, and endeavor after, new obedience.

 

(Acts 2:37; Joel 2:13; Jer. 31:18,19: 2 Cor. 7:10,11; Rom. 6:18)

 


Q. 95. What are the outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption?

 

A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption are His ordinances, especially the Word, Baptism, the Lord’s Supper and Prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation.

 

(Rom. 10:17; James 1:18; 1 Cor. 3:5; Acts 14:1; 2:41,42)

 


Q. 96. How is the Word made effectual to salvation?

 

A. The Spirit of God makes the reading, but especially the preaching of the Word an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort, through faith unto salvation.

 

(Ps. 119:11,18; 1 Thess. 1:6; 1 Peter 2:1,2; Rom. 1:16; Ps. 19:7)

 


Q. 97. How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become effectual to salvation?

 

A. That the Word may become effectual to salvation we must attend thereunto with diligence, preparation and prayer, receive it in faith and love, lay it up in our hearts and practice it in our lives.

 

(Prov. 8:34; 1 Peter 2:1,2; 1 Tim. 4:13; Heb. 2:1,3; Heb. 4:2; 2 Thess. 2:10; Ps. 119:11; James 1:21,25)

 


Q. 98. How do Baptism and the Lord’s Supper become effectual means of salvation?

 

A. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them or in him that administers them, but only by the blessing of Christ and the working of His Spirit in them that by faith receive them.

 

(1 Peter 3:21; 1 Cor. 3:6,7; 1 Cor. 12:13)

 


Q. 99. Wherein do Baptism and the Lord’s Supper differ from the other ordinances of God?

 

A. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper differ from the other ordinances of God in that they were specially instituted by Christ to represent and apply to believers the benefits of the new covenant by visible and outward signs.

 

(Matt. 28:19; Acts 22:16; Matt. 26:26-28; Rom. 6:4)

 


Q. 100. What is Baptism?

 

A. Baptism is an holy ordinance, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, signifies our ingrafting into Christ and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord’s.

 

(Matt. 28:19; Rom. 6:3-5; Col. 2:12; Gal. 3:27)

 


Q. 101. To whom is Baptism to be administered?

 

A. Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance towards God, faith in, and obedience to our Lord Jesus Christ; and to none other.

 

(Acts 2:38; Matt. 3:6; Mark 16:16; Acts 8:12,36; Acts 10:47,48)

 


Q. 102. Are the infants of such as are professing believers to be baptized?

 

A. The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be baptized; because there is neither command nor example in the Holy Scriptures, or certain consequence from them, to baptize such.

 


Q. 103. How is Baptism rightly administered?

 

A. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the person in water, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

 

(Matt. 3:16; John 3:23; Acts 8:38,39)

 


Q. 104. What is the duty of those who are rightly baptized?

 

A. It is the duty of those who are rightly baptized to give up (join) themselves to some visible and orderly church of Jesus Christ, that they may walk in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.

 

(Acts 2:46,47; Acts 9:26; 1 Peter 2:5; Heb. 10:25; Rom. 16:5)

 


Q. 105. What is the visible church?

 

A. The visible church is the organized society of professing believers, in all ages and places, wherein the Gospel is truly preached and the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper rightly administered.

 

(Acts 2:42; 20:7; Acts 7:38; Eph. 4:11,12)

 


Q. 106. What is the invisible church?

 

A. The invisible church is the whole number of the elect, that have been, are, or shall be gathered into one under Christ the head.

 

(Eph. 1:10; 1:22,23; John 10:16; 11:52)

 


Q. 107. What is the Lord’s Supper?

 

A. The Lord’s Supper is a holy ordinance, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ’s appointment, His death is showed forth, and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporeal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of His body and blood, with all His benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace.

 

(1 Cor. 11:23-26; 10:16)

 


Q. 108. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord’s Supper?

 

A. It is required of them that would worthily (that is, suitably) partake of the Lord’s Supper, that they examine themselves, of their knowledge to discern the Lord’s body; of their faith to feed upon Him; of their repentance, love, and new obedience: lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves.

 

(1 Cor. 11:27-31; 1 Cor. 5:8; 2 Cor. 13:5)

 


Q. 109. What is Prayer?

 

A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires to God, for things agreeable to His will, in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins and thankful acknowledgment of His mercies.

 

(1 John 5:14; 1 John 1:9; Phil. 4:6; Ps. 10:17; 145:19; John 14:13,14)

 


Q. 110. What rule has God given for our direction in prayer?

 

A. The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer, but the special rule of direction is that prayer, which Christ taught His disciples, commonly called the Lord’s Prayer.

 

(Matt. 6:9-13; 2 Tim. 3:16,17)

 


Q. 111. What does the preface of the Lord’s Prayer teach us?

 

A. The preface of the Lord’s Prayer, which is, “Our Father, which art in heaven,” teaches us to draw near to God, with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us, and that we should pray with and for others.

 

(Matt. 6:9; Luke 11:13; Rom. 8:15; Acts 12:5; 1 Tim. 2:1-3)

 


Q. 112. What do we pray for in the first petition?

 

A. In the first petition, which is “Hallowed be thy name,” we pray that God would enable us and others to glorify Him in all that whereby He makes Himself known, and that He would dispose all things to His own glory.

 

(Matt. 6:9; Ps. 67:1-3; Rom. 11:36; Rev. 4:11)

 


Q. 113. What do we pray for in the second petition?

 

A. In the second petition, which is “Thy kingdom come,” we pray that satan’s kingdom may be destroyed, and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced; ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it, and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened.

 

(Matt. 6:10; Ps. 68:1-18; Rom. 10:1; 2 Thess. 3:1; Matt. 9:37,38; Rev. 22:20)

 


Q. 114. What do we pray for in the third petition?

 

A. In the third petition, which is, “Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven,” we pray that God by His grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to His will in all things, as the angels do in heaven.

 

(Matt. 6:10; Ps. 103:20,21; Ps. 25:4,5; Ps. 119:26)

 


Q. 115. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?

 

A. In the fourth petition, which is, “Give us this day our daily bread,” we pray that of God’s free gift, we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life and enjoy His blessing with them.

 

(Matt. 6:11; Prov. 30:8,9; 1 Tim. 6:6-8; 4:4,5)

 


Q. 116. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?

 

A. In the fifth petition, which is, “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors,” we pray that God, for Christ’s sake, would freely pardon all our sins; which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by His grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.

 

(Matt. 6:12; Ps. 51:1,3,7; Mark 11:25; Matt. 18:35)

 


Q. 117. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?

 

A. In the sixth petition, which is, “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil,” we pray that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.

 

(Matt. 6:13; 26:41; Ps. 19:13; 1 Cor. 10:13; John 17:15)

 


Q. 118. What does the conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer teach us?

 

A. The conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer, which is, “For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever, Amen,” teaches us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers to praise Him, ascribing kingdom,  power, and glory to Him; and in testimony of our desire, and assurance to be heard, we say, AMEN.

 

(Matt. 6:13; Dan. 9:18,19; 1 Chron. 29:11-13; 1 Cor. 14:16; Phil. 4:6; Rev. 22:20)

Catechism for Young Children

CATECHISM FOR YOUNG CHILDREN

An Introduction to the Shorter Catechism


Q. 1. Who made you?
A. God.


Q. 2. What else did God make?
A. God made all things.


Q. 3. Why did God make you and all things ?
A. For his own glory.


Q. 4. How can you glorify God?
A. By loving him and doing what he commands.


Q. 5. Why ought you to glorify God?
A. Because he made me and takes care of me.


Q. 6. Are there more gods than one?
A. There is only one God.


Q. 7. In how many persons does this one God exist?
A. In three persons.


Q. 8. What are they?
A. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.


Q. 9. What is God?
A. God is a Spirit, and has not a body like men.


Q. 10. Where is God?
A. God is everywhere.


Q. 11. Can you see God?
A. No; I cannot see God, but he always sees me.


Q. 12. Does God know all things?
A. Yes; nothing can be hid from God.


Q. 13. Can God do all things?
A. Yes; God can do all his holy will.


Q. 14. Where do you learn how to love and obey God?
A. In the Bible alone.


Q. 15. Who wrote the Bible?
A. Holy men who were taught by the Holy Spirit.


Q. 16. Who were our first parents?
A. Adam and Eve.


Q. 17. Of what were our first parents made?
A. God made the body of Adam out of the ground, and formed Eve from the body of Adam.


Q. 18. What did God give Adam and Eve besides bodies?
A. He gave them souls that could never die.


Q. 19. Have you a soul as well as a body?
A. Yes; I have a soul that can never die.


Q. 20. How do you know that you have a soul?
A. Because the Bible tells me so.


Q. 21. In what condition did God make Adam and Eve?
A. He made them holy and happy.


Q. 22. What is a covenant?
A. An agreement between two or more persons.


Q. 23. What covenant did God make with Adam?
A. The covenant of works.


Q. 24. What was Adam bound to do by the covenant of works?
A. To obey God perfectly.


Q. 25. What did God promise in the covenant of works?
A. To reward Adam with life if he obeyed him.


Q. 26. What did God threaten in the covenant of works?
A. To punish Adam with death if he disobeyed.


Q. 27. Did Adam keep the covenant of works?
A. No; he sinned against God.


Q. 28. What is Sin?
A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of the law of God.


Q. 29. What is meant by want of conformity?
A. Not being or doing what God requires.


Q. 30. What is meant by transgression?
A. Doing what God forbids.


Q. 31. What was the sin of our first parents?
A. Eating the forbidden fruit.


Q. 32. Who tempted them to this sin?
A. The devil tempted Eve, and she gave the fruit to Adam.


Q. 33. What befell our first parents when they had sinned?
A. Instead of being holy and happy, they became sinful and miserable.


Q. 34. Did Adam act for himself alone in the covenant of works?
A. No; he represented all his posterity.


Q. 35. What effect had the sin of Adam on all mankind?
A. All mankind are born in a state of sin and misery.


Q. 36. What is that sinful nature which we inherit from Adam called?
A. Original sin.


Q. 37. What does every sin deserve?
A. The wrath and curse of God.


Q. 38. Can any one go to heaven with this sinful nature?
A. No; our hearts must be changed before we can be fit for heaven.


Q. 39. What is a change of heart called?
A. Regeneration.


Q. 40. Who can change a sinner’s heart?
A. The Holy Spirit alone.


Q. 41. Can any one be saved through the covenant of works?
A. None can be saved through the covenant of works.


Q. 42. Why can none be saved through the covenant of works?
A. Because all have broken it, and are condemned by it


Q. 43. With whom did God the Father make the covenant of grace?
A. With Christ, his eternal Son.


Q. 44. Whom did Christ represent in the covenant of grace?
A. His elect people.


Q. 45. What did Christ undertake in the covenant of grace?
A. To keep the whole law for his people, and to suffer the punishment due to their sins.


Q. 46. Did our Lord Jesus Christ ever commit the least sin?
A. No; he was holy, harmless, and undefiled.


Q. 47. How could the Son of God suffer?
A. Christ, the Son of God, became man that he might obey and suffer in our nature.


Q. 48. What is meant by the Atonement?
A. Christ’s satisfying divine justice, by his sufferings and death, in the place of sinners.


Q. 49. What did God the Father undertake in the covenant of grace?
A. To justify and sanctify those for whom Christ should die.


Q. 50. What is justification?
A. It is God’s forgiving sinners, and treating them as if they had never sinned.


Q. 51. What is sanctification?
A. It is God’s making sinners holy in heart and conduct.


Q. 52. For whom did Christ obey and suffer?
A. For those whom the Father had given him.


Q. 53. What kind of life did Christ live on earth?
A. A life of poverty and suffering.


Q. 54. What kind of death did Christ die?
A. The painful and shameful death of the cross.


Q. 55. Who will be saved?
A. Only those who repent of sin, believe in Christ, and lead holy lives.


Q. 56. What is it to repent?
A. To be sorry for sin, and to hate and forsake it because it is displeasing to God.


Q. 57. What is it to believe or have faith in Christ?
A. To trust in Christ alone for salvation.


Q. 58. Can you repent and believe in Christ by your own power?
A. No; I can do nothing good without the help of God’s Holy Spirit.


Q. 59. How can you get the help of the Holy Spirit?
A. God has told us that we must pray to him for the Holy Spirit.


Q. 60. How long ago is it since Christ died?
A. More than nineteen hundred years.


Q. 61. How were pious persons saved before the coming of Christ?
A. By believing in a Savior to come.


Q. 62. How did they show their faith?
A. By offering sacrifices on God’s altar.


Q. 63. What did these sacrifices represent?
A. Christ, the Lamb of God, who was to die for sinners.


Q. 64. What offices has Christ?
A. Christ has three offices.


Q. 65. What are they?
A. The offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king.


Q. 66. How is Christ a prophet?
A. Because he teaches us the will of God.


Q. 67. How is Christ a priest?
A. Because he died for our sins and pleads with God for us.


Q. 68. How is Christ a king?
A. Because he rules over us and defends us.


Q. 69. Why do you need Christ as a prophet?
A. Because I am ignorant.


Q. 70. Why do you need Christ as a priest?
A. Because I am guilty.


Q. 71. Why do you need Christ as a king?
A. Because I am weak and helpless.


Q. 72. How many commandments did God give on Mount Sinai?
A. Ten commandments.


Q. 73. What are the ten commandments sometimes called?
A. The Decalogue.


Q. 74. What do the first four commandments teach?
A. Our duty to God.


Q. 75. What do the last six commandments teach?
A. Our duty to our fellow men.


Q. 76. What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A. To love God with all my heart, and my neighbor as myself.


Q. 77. Who is your neighbor?A. All my fellow men are my neighbors.


Q. 78. Is God pleased with those who love and obey him?
A. Yes; he says, “I love them that love me.”


Q. 79. Is God displeased with those who do not love and obey him?
A. Yes; “God is angry with the wicked every day.”


Q. 80. What is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me.


Q. 81. What does the first commandment teach us?
A. To worship God alone.


Q. 82. What is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any things that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I, the Lord thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.


Q. 83. What does the second commandment teach us?
A. To worship God in a proper manner, and to avoid idolatry.


Q. 84. What is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.


Q. 85. What does the third commandment teach me?
A. To reverence God’s name, word, and works.


Q. 86. What is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath Day, and hallowed it.


Q. 87. What does the fourth commandment teach us?
A. To keep the Sabbath holy.


Q. 88. What day of the week is the Christian Sabbath?
A. The first day of the week, called the Lord’s day.


Q. 89. Why is it called the Lord’s day?
A. Because on that day Christ rose from the dead.


Q. 90. How should the Sabbath be spent?
A. In prayer and praise, in hearing and reading God’s Word, and in doing good to our fellow men.


Q. 91. What is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.


Q. 92. What does the fifth commandment teach me?
A. To love and obey our parents and teachers.


Q. 93. What is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill.


Q. 94. What does the sixth commandment teach us?
A. To avoid angry passions.


Q. 95. What is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery.


Q. 96. What does the seventh commandment teach us?
A. To be pure in heart, language, and conduct.


Q. 97. What is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal.


Q. 98. What does the eighth commandment teach us?
A. To be honest and industrious.


Q. 99. What is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.


Q. 100. What does the ninth commandment teach us?
A. To tell the truth.


Q. 101. What is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbor’s.


Q. 102. What does the tenth commandment teach us?
A. To be content with our lot.


Q. 103. Can any man keep these ten commandments perfectly?
A. No mere man, since the fall of Adam, ever did or can keep the ten commandments perfectly.


Q. 104. Of what use are the ten commandments to us?
A. They teach us our duty, and show our need of a Savior.


Q. 105. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is asking God for things which he has promised to give.


Q. 106. In whose name should we pray?
A. Only in the name of Christ.


Q. 107. What has Christ given us to teach us how to pray?
A. The Lord’s Prayer.


Q. 108. Repeat the Lord’s Prayer.
A. Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.


Q. 109. How many petitions are there in The Lord’s Prayer?
A. Six.


Q. 110. What is the first petition?
A. “Hallowed be thy name.”


Q. 111. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. That God’s name may be honored by us and all men.


Q. 112. What is the second petition?
A. “Thy kingdom come.”


Q. 113. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. That the gospel may be preached in all the world, and believed and obeyed by us and all men.


Q. 114. What is the third petition?
A. “Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.”


Q. 115. What do we pray for in the third petition?
A. That men on earth may serve God as the angels do in heaven.


Q. 116. What is the fourth petition?
A. “Give us this day our daily bread.”


Q. 117. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. That God would give us all things needful for our bodies and souls.


Q. 118. What is the fifth petition?
A. “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.”


Q. 119. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. That God would pardon our sins for Christ’s sake, and enable us to forgive those who have injured us.


Q. 120. What is the sixth petition?
A. “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.”


Q. 121. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A. That God would keep us from sin.


Q. 122. How many sacraments are there?
A. Two.


Q. 123. What are they?
A. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper.


Q. 124. Who appointed these sacraments?
A. The Lord Jesus Christ.


Q. 125. Why did Christ appoint these sacraments?
A. To distinguish his disciples from the world, and to comfort and strengthen them.


Q. 126. What sign is used in baptism?
A. The washing with water.


Q. 127. What does this signify?
A. That we are cleansed from sin by the blood of Christ.


Q. 128. In whose name are we baptized?
A. In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.


Q. 129. Who are to be baptized?
A. Believers and their children.


Q. 130. Why should infants be baptized?
A. Because they have a sinful nature and need a Savior.


Q. 131. Does Christ care for little children?
A. Yes; for he says, “Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.”


Q. 132. To what does your baptism bind you?
A. To be a true follower of Christ.


Q. 133. What is the Lord’s Supper?
A. The eating of bread and drinking of wine in remembrance of the sufferings and death of Christ.


Q. 134. What does the bread represent?
A. The body of Christ, broken for our sins.


Q. 135. What does the wine represent?
A. The blood of Christ, shed for our salvation.


Q. 136. Who should partake of the Lord’s Supper?
A. Only those who repent of their sins, believe in Christ for salvation, and love their fellow men.


Q. 137. Did Christ remain in the tomb after his crucifixion?
A. No; he rose from the tomb on the third day after his death.


Q. 138. Where is Christ now?
A. In heaven, interceding for sinners.


Q. 139. Will he come again?
A. Yes; at the last day Christ will come to judge the world.


Q. 140. What becomes of men at death?
A. The body returns to dust, and the soul goes into the world of spirits.


Q. 141. Will the bodies of the dead be raised to life again?
A. Yes; “The trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised.”


Q. 142. What will become of the wicked in the day of judgment?
A. They shall he cast into hell.


Q. 143. What is hell?
A. A place of dreadful and endless torment.


Q. 144. What will become of the righteous?
A. They shall be taken to heaven.


Q. 145. What is heaven?
A. A glorious and happy place, where the righteous shall be forever with the Lord.

C.H. Spurgeon’s Puritan Catechism (1855)

C. H. Spurgeon’s
Puritan Catechism

With Scripture Proofs
Compiled by
C. H. Spurgeon
Heir of the Puritans

Introduction:

I am persuaded that the use of a good Catechism in all our families will be a great safeguard against the increasing errors of the times, and therefore I have compiled this little manual from the Westminster Assembly’s and Baptist Catechisms, for the use of my own church and congregation. Those who use it in their families or classes must labour to explain the sense; but the words should be carefully learned by heart, for they will be understood better as years pass.

May the Lord bless my dear friends and their families evermore, is
the prayer of their loving Pastor.
C. H. Spurgeon


Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. II Timothy 2:15

The London Baptist Confession of 1689 and the Westminster Shorter Catechism had fallen into disuse among the Particular Baptists in England. The causes for this shift in historical moorings from the Westminster family of confessions and catechisms are many and varied. The primary cause for their disuse was an emerging High or Hyper Calvinism that looked to the Standards for historical legitimacy while augmenting its theology with writers who held to a loose subscriptionist position as regards the 1689 Confession. Spurgeon sought to recover and reclaim the middle ground, or biblical path, between a man-centered Arminianism on the one side and a deistic Hyper-Calvinism on the other. The Prince of Preachers believed this catechism walked in that narrow way.

Spurgeon saw that this document was placed back in print somewhere about October 14, 1855. In that year Spurgeon turned 21 years young. On that day Spurgeon preached to a large audience at the New Park Street Church from Psalm 90:1, “The text that morning was, Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations”. The sermon is found as number 46 in those volumes. When the sermon was prepared for the press it contained an announcement of the impending publication.

Mike Renihan


1 Q What is the chief end of man?

A Man’s chief end is to glorify God, (1Co 10:31) and to enjoy him for ever (Ps 73:25,26)


2 Q What rule has God given to direct us how we may glorify him?

A The Word of God which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments (Eph 2:20 2Ti 3:16) is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify God and enjoy him (1Jo 1:3).


3 Q What do the Scriptures principally teach?

A The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man (2Ti 1:13 Ec 12:13).


4 Q What is God?

A God is Spirit (Joh 4:24), infinite (Job 11:7), eternal (Ps 90:2 1Ti 1:17), and unchangeable (Jas 1:17), in his being, (Ex 3:14), wisdom, power (Ps 147:5), holiness (Re 4:8), justice, goodness and truth (Ex 34:6,7).


5 Q Are there more Gods than one?

A There is but one only (De 6:4), the living and true God (Jer 10:10).


6 Q How many persons are there in the Godhead?

A There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory (1Jo 5:7 Mt 28:19).


7 Q What are the decrees of God?

A The decrees of God are his eternal purpose according to the counsel of his own will, whereby for his own glory he has foreordained whatever comes to pass (Eph 1:11,12).


8 Q How does God execute his decrees?

A God executes his decrees in the works of creation (Re 4:11), and providence (Da 4:35).


9 Q What is the work of creation?

A The work of creation is God’s making all things (Ge 1:1) of nothing, by the Word of his power (Heb 11:3), in six normal consecutive days (Ex 20:11), and all very good (Ge 1:31).


10 Q How did God create man?

A God created man, male and female, after his own image (Ge 1:27), in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness (Col 3:10 Eph 4:24) with dominion over the creatures (Gen 1:28).


11 Q What are God’s works of providence?

A God’s works of providence are his most holy (Ps 145:17), wise (Isa 28:29), and powerful (Heb 1:3) preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions (Ps 103:19 Mt 10:29).


12 Q What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the state wherein he was created?

A When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience (Ga 3:12), forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death (Ge 2:17).


13 Q Did our first parents continue in the state wherein they were created?

A Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the state wherein they were created, by sinning against God (Ec 7:29) by eating the forbidden fruit (Ge 3:6-8).


14 Q What is sin?

A Sin is any want of conformity to, or transgression of the law of God (1Jo 3:4).


15 Q Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?

A The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him in his first transgression (1Co 15:22 Ro 5:12).


16 Q Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

A The fall brought mankind into a state of sin and misery (Ro 5:18).


17 Q Wherein consists the sinfulness of that state whereinto man fell?

A The sinfulness of that state whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin (Ro 5:19), the want of original righteousness (Ro 3:10), and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin (Eph 2:1 Ps 51:5), together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it (Mt 15:19).


18 Q What is the misery of that state whereinto man fell?

A All mankind, by their fall, lost communion with God (Ge 3:8,24), are under his wrath and curse (Eph 2:3 Ga 3:10), and so made liable to all the miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever (Ro 6:23 Mt 25:41).


19 Q Did God leave all mankind to perish in the state of sin and misery?

A God having, out of his good pleasure from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life (2Th 2:13) did enter into a covenant of grace to deliver them out of the state of sin and misery, and to bring them into a state of salvation by a Redeemer (Ro 5:21).


20 Q Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?

A The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ (1Ti 2:5), who being the eternal Son of God, became man (Joh 1:14) and so was and continues to be God and man, in two distinct natures and one person for ever (1Ti 3:16 Col 2:9).


21 Q How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

A Christ, the son of God, became man by taking to himself a true body (Heb 2:14) and a reasonable soul (Mt 26:38 Heb 4:15), being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary, and born of her (Lu 1:31,35) yet without sin (Heb 7:26).


22 Q What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?

A Christ as our Redeemer executes the offices of a prophet (Ac 3:22), of a priest (Heb 5:6), and of a king (Ps 2:6), both in his state of humiliation and exaltation.


23 Q How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?

A Christ executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us (Joh 1:18), by his Word (Joh 20:31), and Spirit (Joh 14:26), the will of God for our salvation.


24 Q How does Christ execute the office of a priest?

A Christ executes the office of a priest, in his once offering up himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice (Heb 9:28), and to reconcile us to God (Heb 2:17) and in making continual intercession for us (Heb 7:25).


25 Q How does Christ execute the office of a king?

A Christ executes the office of a king in subduing us to himself (Ps 110:3), in ruling and defending us (Mt 2:6 1Co 15:25) and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.


26 Q Wherein did Christ’s humiliation consist?

A Christ’s humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition (Lu 2:7) made under the law (Ga 4:4), undergoing the miseries of this life (Isa 53:3), the wrath of God (Mt 27:46), and the cursed death of the cross (Php 2:8); in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time (Mt 12:40).


27 Q Wherein consists Christ’s exaltation?

A Christ’s exaltation consists in his rising again from the dead on the third day (1Co 15:4), in ascending up into heaven, and sitting at the right hand of God the Father (Mr 16:19), and in coming to judge the world at the last day (Ac 17:31).


28 Q How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?

A We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us (Joh 1:12) by his Holy Spirit (Tit 3:5,6).


29 Q How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?

A The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us (Eph 2:8) and by it uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling (Eph 3:17).


30 Q What is effectual calling?

A Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit (2Ti 1:9) whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery (Ac 2:37), enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ (Ac 26:18), and renewing our wills (Eze 36:26), he does persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel (Joh 6:44,45).


31 Q What benefits do they who are effectually called, partake of in this life?

A They who are effectually called, do in this life partake of justification, (Ro 8:30), adoption (Eph 1:5), sanctification, and the various benefits which in this life do either accompany, or flow from them (1Co 1:30).


32 Q What is justification?

A Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein he pardons all our sins (Ro 3:24 Eph 1:7), and accepts us as righteous in his sight (2Co 5:21) only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us (Ro 5:19), and received by faith alone (Ga 2:16 Php 3:9).


33 Q What is adoption?

A Adoption is an act of God’s free grace (1Jo 3:1) whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God (Joh 1:12 Ro 8:17).


34 Q What is sanctification?

A Sanctification is the work of God’s Spirit (2Th 2:13) whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God (Eph 4:24) and are enabled more and more to die to sin, and live to righteousness (Ro 6:11).


35 Q What are the benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?

A The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification (Ro 5:1,2,5), are assurance of God’s love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit (Ro 14:17), increase of grace, perseverance in it to the end (Pr 4:18 1Jo 5:13 1Pe 1:5).


36 Q What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?

A The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness (Heb 12:23) and do immediately pass into glory (Php 1:23 2Co 5:8 Lu 23:43), and their bodies, being still united to Christ (1Th 4:14) do rest in their graves (Isa 57:2) till the resurrection (Job 19:26).


37 Q What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?

A At the resurrection, believers being raised up in glory (1Co 15:43), shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment (Mt 10:32), and made perfectly blessed both in soul and body in the full enjoying of God (1Jo 3:2) to all eternity (1Th 4:17).


38 Q What shall be done to the wicked at their death?

A The souls of the wicked shall at their death be cast into the torments of hell (Lu 16:22-24), and their bodies lie in their graves till the resurrection and judgment of the great day (Ps 49:14).


39 Q What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgment?

A At the day of judgment the bodies of the wicked being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels for ever (Da 12:2 Joh 5:28,29 2Th 1:9 Mt 25:41).


40 Q What did God reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?

A The rule which God first revealed to man for his obedience is the moral law (De 10:4 Mt 19:17) which is summarised in the ten commandments.


41 Q What is the sum of the ten commandments?

A The sum of the ten commandments is to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourselves (Mt 22:37-40).


42 Q Which is the first commandment?

A The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods
before me.


43 Q What is required in the first commandment?

A The first commandment requires us to know (1Ch 28:9), and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God (De 26:17), and to worship and glorify him accordingly (Mt 4:10).


44 Q Which is the second commandment?

A The second commandment is, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.”


45 Q What is required in the second commandment?

A The second commandment requires the receiving, observing (De 32:46 Mt 28:20), and keeping pure and entire all such religious worship and ordinances as God has appointed in his Word (De 12:32).


46 Q What is forbidden in the second commandment?

A The second commandment forbids the worshipping of God by images (De 4:15,16). or any other way not appointed in his Word (Col 2:18).


47 Q Which is the third commandment?

A The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.


48 Q What is required in the third commandment?

A The third commandment requires the holy and reverent use of God’s names (Ps 29:2), titles, attributes (Re 15:3,4), ordinances (Ec 5:1), Word (Ps 138:2), and works (Job 36:24 De 28:58,59).


49 Q Which is the fourth commandment?

A The fourth commandment is, Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor they cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.


50 Q What is required in the fourth commandment?

A The fourth commandment requires the keeping holy to God such set times as he has appointed in his Word, expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy Sabbath to himself (Le 19:30 De 5:12).


51 Q How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?

A The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days (Le 23:3), and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God’s worship (Ps 92:1,2 Isa 58:13,14), except so much as is taken up in the works of necessity and mercy (Mt 12:11,12).


52 Q Which is the fifth commandment?

A The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.


53 Q What is required in the fifth commandment?

A The fifth commandment requires the preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their various positions and relationships as superiors (Eph 5:21,22 6:1,5 Ro 13:1), inferiors (Eph 6:9), or equals (Ro 12:10).


54 Q What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?

A The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is, a promise of long life and prosperity — as far as it shall serve for God’s glory, and their own good — to all such as keep this commandment (Eph 6:2,3).


55 Q Which is the sixth commandment?

A The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill.


56 Q What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?

A The sixth commandment forbids the taking away of our own life (Ac 16:28), or the life of our neighbour unjustly (Ge 9:6), or whatever tends to it (Pr 24:11,12).
57 Q Which is the seventh commandment?

A The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery.


58 Q What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?

A The seventh commandment forbids all unchaste thoughts (Mt 5:28 Col 4:6), words (Eph 5:4 2Ti 2:22), and actions (Eph 5:3).
59 Q Which is the eighth commandment?

A The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal.


60 Q What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?

A The eighth commandment forbids whatever does or may unjustly hinder our own (1Ti 5:8 Pr 28:19 21:6) or our neighbour’s wealth, or outward estate (Eph 4:28).


61 Q Which is the ninth commandment?

A The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.


62 Q What is required in the ninth commandment?

A The ninth commandment requires the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man (Zec 8:16), and of our own (1Pe 3:16 Ac 25:10), and our neighbour’s good name (3Jo 1:12), especially in witness-bearing (Pr 14:5,25).


63 Q What is the tenth commandment?

A The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife,nor his manservant, or his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour’s.


64 Q What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?

A The tenth commandment forbids all discontentment with our own estate (1Co 10:10), envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour (Ga 5:26), and all inordinate emotions and affections to anything that is his (Col 3:5).


65 Q Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?

A No mere man, since the fall, is able in his life perfectly to keep the commandments of God (Ec 7:20), but does daily break them in thought (Ge 8:21), word (Jas 3:8), and deed (Jas 3:2).


66 Q Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?

A Some sins in themselves, and by reason of various aggravations are more heinous in the sight of God than others (Joh 19:11 1Jo 5:15).


67 Q What does every sin deserve?

A Every sin deserves God’s wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come (Eph 5:6 Ps 11:6).


68 Q How may we escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin?

A To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, we must believe in the Lord Jesus Christ (Joh 3:16), trusting alone to his blood and righteousness. This faith is attended by repentance for the past (Ac 20:21), and leads to holiness in the future.


69 Q What is faith in Jesus Christ?

A Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace (Heb 10:39), whereby we receive (Joh 1:12), and rest upon him alone for salvation (Php 3:9), as he is set forth in the gospel (Isa 33:22).


70 Q What is repentance to life?

A Repentance to life is a saving grace (Ac 11:18), whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sins (Ac 2:37), and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ (Joe 2:13), does with grief and hatred of his sin turn from it to God (Jer 31:18,19), with full purpose to strive after new obedience (Ps 119:59).


71 Q What are the outward means whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of redemption?

A The outward and ordinary means whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of Christ’s redemption, are the Word, by which souls are begotten to spiritual life; Baptism, the Lord’s Supper, Prayer, and Meditation, by all which believers are further edified in their most holy faith (Ac 2:41,42 Jas 1:18).


72 Q How is the Word made effectual to salvation?

A The Spirit of God makes the reading, but especially the preaching of the Word, an effectual means of convicting and converting sinners (Ps 19:7), and of building them up in holiness and comfort (1Th 1:6), through faith to salvation (Ro 1:16).


73 Q How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become
effectual to salvation?

A That the Word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend to it with diligence (Pr 8:34; 1Pe 2:1,2), and prayer (Ps 119:18) receive it with faith (Heb 4:2), and love (2Th 2:10), lay it up into our hearts (Ps 119:11), and practise it in our lives (Jas 1:25).


74 Q How do Baptism and the Lord’s Supper become spiritually
helpful?

A Baptism and the Lord’s Supper become spiritually helpful, not from any virtue in them, or in him who does administer them (1Co 3:7 1Pe 3:21), but only by the blessing of Christ (1Co 3:6) and the working of the Spirit in those who by faith receive them (1Co 12:13).


75 Q What is Baptism?

A Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ (Mt 28:19) to be to the person baptised a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, and burial, and resurrection (Ro 6:3 Col 2:12), of his being ingrafted into him (Ga 3:27), of remission of sins (Mr 1:4 Ac 22:16), and of his giving up himself to God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life (Ro 6:4,5).


76 Q To whom is Baptism to be administered?

A Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance towards God (Ac 2:38 Mt 3:6 Mr 16:16 Ac 8:12,36,37 10:47,48), and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, and to none other.


77 Q Are the infants of such as are professing to be baptised?

A The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be baptised, because there is neither command nor example in the Holy Scriptures for their baptism (Ex 23:13 Pr 30:6).


78 Q How is baptism rightly administered?

A Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the person in water (Mt 3:16 Joh 3:23), in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, according to Christ’s institution, and the practice of the apostles (Mt 28:19,20), and not by sprinkling or pouring of water, or dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men (Joh 4:1,2 Ac 8:38,39).


79 Q What is the duty of such as are rightly baptized?

A It is the duty of such as are rightly baptized, to give up themselves to some particular and orderly Church of Jesus Christ (Ac 2:47 Ac 9:26 1Pe 2:5) that they may walk in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (Lu 1:6).


80 Q What is the Lord’s Supper?

A The Lord’s Supper is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ; wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to his appointment, his death is shown forth (1Co 11:23-26), and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporeal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace (1Co 10:16).


81 Q What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord’s Supper?

A It is required of them who would worthily partake of the Lord’s Supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord’s body (1Co 11:28,29), of their faith to feed upon him, (2Co 13:5), of their repentance (1Co 11:31), love (1Co 11:18-20), and new obedience (1Co 5:8), lest coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves (1Co 11:27-29).


82 Q What is meant by the words, until he come, which are used by the apostle Paul in reference to the Lord’s Supper?

A They plainly teach us that our Lord Jesus Christ will come a second time; which is the joy and hope of all believers (Ac 1:11 1Th 4:16).

A Catechism for Boys and Girls (1798)

Part I

Questions about God, Man, and Sin

1.Q. Who made you?
A. God made me (Gn 1:26, 27; 2:7; Ec 12:1; Acts 17:24-29).

2.Q. What else did God make?
A. God made all things (Gn 1, esp. verses 1, 31; Acts 14:15; Rm 11:36; Col 1:16).

3.Q. Why did God make you and all things?
A. For his own glory (Ps 19:1; Jer 9:23, 24; Rv 4:11; 4:15).

4.Q. How can you glorify God?
A. By loving him and doing what he commands (Ec 12:13; Mk 12:29-31; In 15:8-10; 1 Cor 10:31).

5.Q. Why ought you to glorify God?
A. Because he made me and takes care of me (Rm 11:36; Rv 4:11; cf. Dan 4:39).

6.Q. Are there more gods than one?
A. There is only one God (Deut 6:4; Jer 10:10; Mk 12:29; Acts 17:22-31).

7.Q. In how many persons does this one God exist?
A. In three persons (Mt 3:16, 17; Jn 5:23; 10:30; 14:9, 10; 15:26; 16:13-15; 1 In 5:20, 2 In 9; Rv 1:4, 5).

8.Q. Who are they?
A. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit (Mt 28:19; 2 Cor 13:14; 1 Pet 1:2; Jude 20, 21).

9.Q. Who is God?
A. God is a Spirit, and does not have a body like men (Jn 4:24; 2 Cor 3:17; 1 Tim 1:17).

10.Q. Where is God?
A. God is everywhere (Ps 139:7-12; Jer 23:23,24; Acts 17:27,28).

11.Q. Can you see God?
A. No. I cannot see God, but he always sees me (Ex 33:20; Jn 1:18; 1 Tim 6:16; Ps 139 esp. vv. 1-5: Pr 5:21; Hb 4:12, 13).

12.Q. Does God know all things?
A. Yes. Nothing can be hidden from God (1 Chron 28:9; 2 Chron 16:9; Lk 12:6, 7; Rm 2:16).

13.Q. Can God do all things?
A. Yes. God can do all his holy will (Ps 147:5; Jer 32:17; Dan 4:34, 35; Eph 1:11).

14.Q. Where do you learn how to love and obey God?
A. In the Bible alone (Job 11:7; Ps 119:104; Is 8:20; Mt 22:29; 2 Tim 3:15-17).

15.Q. Who wrote the Bible?
A. Holy men who were taught by the Holy Spirit (1 Pet 1:20, 21; Acts 1:16; 2 Tim 3:16; 1 Pet 1:10, 11).

16.Q. Who were our first parents?
A. Adam and Eve (Gn 2:18-25; 3:20; 5:1, 2; Acts 17:26; 1 Tim 2:13).

17.Q. Of what were our first parents made?
A. God made the body of Adam out of the ground, and formed Eve from the body of Adam (Gn 2:7; 21-23; 3:19; Ps 103:14).

18.Q. What did God give Adam and Eve besides bodies?
A. He gave them souls that could never die (1 Cor 15:45: Eccl 12:7; Zech 12:1).

19.Q. Have you a soul as well as a body?
A. Yes. I have a soul that can never die (Mt 10:28; Mk 8:34- 38; 12:30).

20.Q.  How do you know that you have a soul?
A. Because the Bible tells me so (Mt 10:28; Mk 8:34-38; 12:30).

21.Q. What is your soul?
A. My soul includes all of me that should know and love God (Mk 8:34-38; Ep 3:16-19).

22.Q. In what condition did God make Adam and Eve?
A. He made them holy and happy (Gn 1:26-28; Ps 8:4-8).

23.Q. Did Adam and Eve stay holy and happy?
A. No. They sinned against God (Gn 3:1-7; Eccl 7:29; Hos 6:7 where “men~~ = Adam). 24.

24.Q. What was the sin of our first parents?
A. Eating the forbidden fruit (Gn 2:16, 17; 3:6).

25.Q. Why did they eat the forbidden fruit?
A. Because they did not believe what God had said (Gn 3:1-6; cf. Hb 11:6).

26.Q. Who tempted them to this sin?
A. The devil tempted Eve, and she gave the fruit to Adam (Gn 3:1-13; 2 Cor 11:3; 1 Tim 2:13, 14; cf. Rv 12:9).

27.Q. What happened to our first parents when they had sinned?
A. Instead of being holy and happy, they became sinful and miserable (Gn 3:14-24; 4:1-24; Jm 1:14, 15).

28.Q. What effect did the sin of Adam have on all mankind?
A. All mankind is born in a state of sin and misery (Ps. 5 1:5; Rm 5:12, 18, 19; 1 Cor 15:21, 22; 1 In 5:19).

29.Q. What do we inherit from Adam as a result of this original sin?
A. A sinful nature (1 Kings 8:46; Ps 14:2, 3; 58:3; Eccl 9:3; Mt 15:18-20; In 2:24, 25; Rm 8:7).

30.Q. What is sin?
A. Sin is any transgression of the law of God (1 In 3:4; Rm
3:20; lames 2:9-11).

31.Q. What is meant by transgression?
A. Doing what God forbids (1 Sam 13:8-14; 15:22, 23; Hos 6:7; Rm 1:21-32).

32.Q. What does every sin deserve?
A. The anger and judgment of God (Deut 27:26; Rm 1:18; 2:2; Gal 3:10; Eph 5:6).

33.Q. Do we know what God requires of us?
A. Yes, he has given us his law both in our hearts and in writing (Rm 2:14-15).

Part II

Questions about The Ten Commandments

34.Q. How many commandments did God give on Mt. Sinai?
A. Ten commandments (Ex 20:1-17; Deut 5:1-22).

35.Q. What are the ten commandments sometimes called?
A. God’s moral law (Lk 20:25-28; Rm 2:14, 15; 10:5).

36.Q. What do the first four commandments teach?
A. Our duty to God (Deut 6:5, 6; 10:12, 13).

37.Q. What do the last six commandments teach?
A. Our duty to our fellow men (Deut 10:19; Mic 6:8; cf. Gal. 6:10).

38.Q. What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A. To love God with all my heart, and my neighbor as myself (Deut 6:1-15; 11:1; Mt 22:35-40; lames 2:8).

39.Q. Who is your neighbor?
A. All my fellow men are my neighbors (Lk 10:25-37; 6:35).

40.Q. Is God pleased with those who love and obey him?
A. Yes. He says, ‘I love them that love me’ (Pr 8:17; Ex 20:6; 1 In 4:7-16).

41.Q. Is God pleased with those who do not love and obey him?
A. No. ‘God is angry with the wicked every day’ (Ps 7:11; Mal 2:17; Pr 6:16-19; 1 Cor 16:22).

42.Q. What is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me (Ex 20:3; Deut 5:7).

43.Q. What does the first commandment teach us?
A. To worship God only (Is 45:5, 6; Mt 4:10; Rv 22:8, 9).

44.Q. What is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them: for I, the Lord thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments (Ex 20:4-6; Deut 5:8-10).

45.Q. What does the second commandment teach us?
A. To worship God in the right way, and to avoid idolatry (Is 44:9-20; 46:5-9; In 4:23, 24; Acts 17:29).

46.Q. What is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain (Ex 20:7; Deut 5:11).

47.Q. What does the third commandment teach us?
A. To reverence God’s name, word, and works (Is 8:13; Ps 29:2; 138:2; Rv 15:3, 4).

48.Q. What is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it (Ex 20:8-11; 23:12; Deut 5:12-15).

49.Q. What does the fourth commandment teach us?
A. To keep the Sabbath holy (Lv 19:20; 23:3; Is 58:13, 14).

50.Q. What day of the week is the Christian Sabbath?
A. The first day of the week, called the Lord’s Day (Acts 20:7; Rv 1:10).

51.Q. Why is it called the Lord’s Day?
A. Because on that day Christ rose from the dead (Mt 28:1; Mk 16:9; Lk 24:1-6; In 20:1).

52.Q. How should the Sabbath be kept?
A. In prayer and praise, in hearing and reading God’s Word, and in doing good to our fellow men (Is 58:13, 14; Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:2; Lk 4:16; Mt 12:10-13).

53.Q. What is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honor thy father and thy mother that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee (Ex 20:12; Deut 5:16).

54.Q. What does the fifth commandment teach us?
A. To love and obey our parents (Mt 15:3-6; Ep 6:1-3; Co 3:20).

55.Q. What is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill (Ex 20:13; Deut 5:17)

56.Q. What does the sixth commandment teach us?
A. To avoid hatred, all that leads to it, and all that follows from it. (Mt 5:21-24; 1 In 3:15; Jm 4:1-3).

57.Q. What is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery (Ex 20:14; Deut 5:18).

58.Q. What does the seventh commandment teach us?
A. To be pure in heart, language and conduct (Mt 5:27, 28; Ep 5:3-5; Ph 4:8, 9).

59.Q. What is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal (Ex 20:15; Deut 5:19).

60.Q. What does the eighth commandment teach us?
A. To be honest and not to take the things of others (Ex 23:4; Pr 21:6, 7; Ep 4:28).

61.Q. What is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor (Ex 20:16; Deut 5:20).

62.Q. What does the ninth commandment teach us?
A. To tell the truth and not to speak evil of others (Ps 15:1-3; Zech 8:16; 1 Cor 13:6; James 4:11).

63.Q. What is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbor’s (Ex 20:17; Deut 5:21; Rm 7:7).

64.Q. What does the tenth commandment teach us?
A. To be content with what we have (Phil 4:11; 1 Tim 6:6-8; Hb 13:5).

65.Q. Can any man keep these ten commandments?
A. No mere man, since the fall of Adam, ever did or can keep the ten commandments perfectly (Pr 20:9; Ec 7:20; Rm 3:19, 20; James 2:10; 1 Jn 1:8, 10).

66.Q. Of what use are the ten commandments to us?
A. They teach us our duty, make clear our condemnation, and show us our need of a Saviour (1 Tim 1:8-11; Rm 3:20; Gal 3:24).

67.Q. Does God condemn all men?
A. No. Though he could justly have done so he has graciously entered into a covenant to save many (Rm 3:19, 20, 23-25; Jn 17:11, 12; Is 53:11).

Part III

Questions about Salvation

68.Q. What is a covenant?
A. A covenant is an agreement between two or more persons (e.g., 1 Sam 18:3; Mt 26:14, 15).

69.Q. What is the covenant of grace?
A. It is an eternal agreement within the Trinity to save certain persons called the elect, and to provide all the means for their salvation (Gn 17:1-8; Rm 11:27; Hb 10:16, 11; 13:20, 21; Jer 31:31-34; Ez 36:25-28).

70.Q. What did Christ undertake in the covenant of grace?
A. Christ undertook to keep the whole law for his people, and to suffer the punishment due to their sins (1~.m 8:3, 4; Gal 4:4, 5; Hb 6:17-20; 7:22; 9:14, 15; 13:20, 21).

71.Q. Did our Lord Jesus Christ ever sin?
A. No. He was holy, blameless and undefiled (Hb 7:26; Lk 23:47; I-lb 4:15; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 Jn 3:5).

72.Q. How could the Son of God suffer?
A. Christ, the Son of God, took flesh and blood, that he might obey and suffer as a man (Jn 1:14; Rm 8:3; Gal 4:4; Phil 2:7, 8; Hb 2:14, 17; 4:15).

73.Q. What is meant by the atonement?
A. The atonement consists of Christ’s satisfying divine justice, by his sufferings and death, in the place of sinners (Mk 10:45; Acts 13:38, 39; Rm 3:24-26; 5:8, 9; 2 Cor 5:19-21; Gal 3:13; 1 Pet 3:18).

74.Q. For whom did Christ obey and suffer?
A. Christ obeyed and suffered for those whom the Father had given him (Is 53:8; Mt 1:21; Jn 10:11, 15, 16, 26-29; 17:9; Hb 2:13).

75.Q. What kind of life did Christ live on earth?
A. Christ lived a life of perfect obedience to the law of God (Mt 5:17; Rm 10:4; 1 Pet 2:21, 22).

76.Q. What kind of death did Christ die?
A. Christ experienced the painful and shameful death of the cross (Ps 22; Is 53; Gospel records).

77.Q. Who will be saved?
A. Only those who repent of sin and believe in Christ will be saved (Mk 1:15; Lk 13:3,5; Acts 2:37-41; 16:30,31; 20:21; 26:20).

78.Q. What is it to repent?
A. Repentance involves sorrow for sin, leading one to hate and forsake it because it is displeasing to God (Lk 19:8-10; Rm 6:1, 2; 2 Cor 7:9-11; 1 Thes 1:9, 10).

79.Q. What is it to believe in Christ?
A. A person believes who knows that his only hope is Christ
and trusts in Christ alone for salvation (In 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Tim
2:5; 1 In 5:11, 12).

80.Q. How were godly persons saved before the coming of Christ?
A. They believed in the Saviour to come (Jn 8:56; Gal 3:8, 9; 1 Cor 10:1-4; Hb 9:15; 11:13).

81.Q. How did they show their faith?
A. They offered sacrifices according to God’s commands (Ex 24:3-8; 1 Chron 29:20-25; Hb 9:19-23; 10:1; 11:28).

82.Q. What did these sacrifices represent?
A. They were symbolic of Christ, the Lamb of God, who was to die for sinners (Ex 12:46 cf. In 19:36; Hb 9 & 10; In 1:29; 1 Cor 5:7; 1 Pet 1:19).

83.Q. What does Christ do for his people?
A. He does the work of a prophet, a priest and a king (Hb 1:1-3; Rv 1:5; Mt 13:57; Hb 5:5-10; Jn 18:37).

84.Q. How is Christ a prophet?
A. He teaches us the will of God, reveals God to us, and
really was God in human flesh. (Deut 18:15, 18; In 1:18; 4:25;
14:23, 24; 1 In 5:20).

85.Q. Why do you need Christ as a prophet?
A. Because I am ignorant (lob 11:7; Mt 11:25-27; In 6:67-69; 17:25, 26; 1 Cor 2:14-16; 2 Cor 4:3-6).

86.Q. How is Christ a priest?
A. He died for our sins and prays to God for us (Ps 110:4; 1 Tim 2:5, 6; Hb 4:14-16; 7:24, 25; 1 In 2:1, 2).

87.Q. Why do you need Christ as a priest?
A. Because I am guilty (Pr 20:9; Ec 7:20; Rm 3:19-23; Hb 10:14, 27, 28; 1 In 1:8, 9).

88.Q. How is Christ a king?
A. He rules over us and defends us (Ps 2:6-9; Mt 28:18-20; Eph 1:19-23; Col 1:13, 18; Rv 15:3, 4).

89.Q. Why do you need Christ as a king?
A. Because I am weak and helpless (In 15:4, 5; 2 Cor 12:9; Phil 4:13; Col 1:11; Jude 24, 25).

90.Q. What did God the Father undertake in the covenant of
grace?
A. By His goodness and mercy, God the Father elected, and determined to justify, adopt and sanctify those for whom Christ should die (Ex 33:18, 19; Eph 1:3-5; Rm 8:29-33; Gal 4:4-7; Hb 10:9, 10; 1 Cor 1:8, 9; Phil 1:6; 1 Thes 4:3, 7; 5:23, 24).

91.Q. What is election?
A. It is God’s goodness as revealed in his grace by choosing certain sinners for salvation (Eph 1:3, 4; 1 Th 1:4; 1 Pet 1:1, 2).

92.Q. What is justification?
A. It is God’s regarding sinners as if they had never sinned and granting them righteousness (Zech 3:1-5; Rm 3:24-26; 4:5; 5:17-19; 8:33; 2 Cor 5:21; Hb 8:12; Ph 3:9).

93.Q. What is righteousness?
A. It is God’s goodness as revealed in his law, and as honored in Christ’s perfect obedience to that law. (Ex 33:19; 34:6; Ps 33:5; Hos 3:5; Rm 11:22).

94.Q. Can anyone be saved by his own righteousness?
A. No. No one is good enough for God (Pr 20:9; Ec 7:20; Rm 3:10-23; Ep 2:8-10; Ph 3:8, 9).

95.Q. What is adoption?
A. It is God’s goodness in receiving sinful rebels as his beloved children (John 1:12; Ep 1:5; Ep 5:1; Gal 4:7, 31; 1 John 3:1-3).

96.Q. What is sanctification?
A. In sanctification God makes sinners holy in heart and conduct so that they will demonstrate his goodness in their lives (In 17:17; Ep 2:10; 4:22-24; Ph 2:12-13; 1 Thes 5:23).

97.Q. Is this process of sanctification ever complete in this life?
A. No. It is certain and continual, but is complete only in heaven (Ph 3:12-15; 2 Pet 1:4-8; 1 In 3:1-3).

98.Q. What hinders the completion of sanctification in this life?
A. The Scripture says “The flesh lusts against the Spirit so that you cannot do the things you would” (Ga 5:17).

99.Q. Since we are by nature sinful, how can one ever desire to be holy and to gain heaven where God lives?
A. Our hearts must be changed before we can be fit for heaven (Ep 4:17-24; Col 3:5-12).

100.Q. Who can change a sinner s heart?
A. Only the Holy Spirit can change a sinner’s heart. (In 3:3; Rm 8:6-11; 1 Cor 2:9-14; 2 Thes 2:13, 14; Titus 3:5-6).

101.Q. What did the Holy Spirit undertake in the covenant of
Grace?
A. He regenerates, baptizes, and seals those for whom Christ has died (Ep 2:1-8; 1 Cor 12:13; Ep 1:13, 14; Ep 4:30; 2 Cor 1:22).

102.Q. What is regeneration?
A. It is a change of heart that leads to true repentance and faith (Gal 5:22; Ep 2:5-8; 2 Thes 2:13).

103.Q. Can you repent and believe in Christ by your own power?
A. No. I can do nothing good without God’s Holy Spirit (In 3:5, 6; 6:44; Rm 8:2, 5, 8-11; 1 Cor 2:9-14; Gal 5:17, 18; Ep 2:4-6).

104.Q. How does the Holy Spirit baptize believers?
A. He puts them into the body of Christ by making them a living part of all those who truly believe in Him (1 Cor 12).

105.Q. How does the Holy Spirit seal believers?
A. He comes to live within them to guarantee that they will receive the wonders God has promised those who love Him (Rm 8:9-11; Ep 1:13, 14; Ep 4:30; 2 Tim 1:9; 2 Cor 1:22).

106.Q. How can you receive the Holy Spirit?
A. God has told us that we must pray to him for the Holy Spirit (Lk 11:9-13; In 4:10; 16:24); but the evidence of His presence is seen most clearly in our trusting and loving the Lord Jesus Christ. (Lk 12:8-10; In 3:3-5, 16, 20, 21; 14:17-21; 1 Cor 12:3; 1 Pet 1:2; 1 In 5:6-12). Part 117

Questions about Prayer

107.Q. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is talking with God (Gn 17:22; 18:33; Neh 1:4-11; 2:4; Mt 6:6; Rm 8:26, 27).

108.Q. In whose name should we pray?
A. We should pray in the name of the Lord Jesus (John 14:13, 14; 16:23, 24; Hb 4:14-16).

109.Q. What has Christ given to teach us how to pray?
A. The Lord’s Prayer (Mt 6:5-15; Lk 11:1-13).

110.Q. Can you repeat the Lord’s Prayer?
A. “Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.”

111.Q. How many petitions are there in the Lord’s Prayer?
A. Six.

112.Q. What is the first petition?
A. “Hallowed be thy name” (Mt 6:9; Lk 11:2).

113.Q. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. That God’s name may be honored by us and all men (Ps 8:1; 72:17-19; 113:1-3; 145:21; Is 8:13).

114.Q. What is the second petition?
A. “Thy kingdom come” (Mt 6:10; Lk 11:2).

115.Q. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. That the gospel may be preached in all the world, and believed and obeyed by us and all men (Mt 28:19, 20; In 17:20, 21; Acts 8:12; 28:30, 31; 2 Thes 3:1).

116.Q. What is the third petition?
A. “Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven” (Mt 6:10; Lk 11:2).

117.Q. What do we pray for in the third petition?
A. That men on earth may serve God as the angels do in Heaven (Ps 67; 103:19-22; In 9:31; Rv 4:11).

118.Q. What is the fourth petition?
A. “Give us this day our daily bread” (Mt 6:11; Lk 11:3).

119.Q. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. That God will give us all things needful for our bodies (Ps 145:15, 16; Pr 30:8, 9; 1 Tim 4:4, 5).

120.Q. What is the fifth petition?
A. ‘And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us” (Mt 6:12; Lk 11:4).

121.Q. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. That God will pardon our sins, and help those who have sinned against us (Ps 51: Mt 5:23, 1 In 4:20, 21). us to forgive 24; 18:21-35;

122.Q. What is the sixth petition?
A. ‘And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil” (Mt 6:13; Lk 11:4).

123.Q. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A. That God will keep us from sin (1 Chron 4:10; Ps 119:11; Mt 26:41).

Questions about the Word, the Church and the Ordinances

124.Q. How does the Holy Spirit bring us to salvation?
A. He uses the Bible, which is the Word of God (1 Thes 1:5, 6; 2:13; 2 Tim 3:15, 16; James 1:18; 1 Pet 1:22, 23).

125.Q. How can we know the Word of God?
A. We are commanded to hear, read and search the Scriptures (1 Pet 2:2; Rv 3:22; Mt 21:42; 22:29; 2 Tim 3:14-17).

126.Q. What is a church?
A. A church is an assembly of baptized believers joined by a covenant of discipline and witness who meet together regularly under the preaching of the Word of God (Mt 18:20; Acts 2:42).

127.Q. What two ordinances did Christ give to his Church?
A. Baptism and the Lord’s Supper (Mt 28:19; 1 Cor 11:24-26).

128Q. Why Did Christ give these ordinances?
A. To show that his disciples belong to him, and to remind them of what he has done for them (Mt 28:19; 1 Cor 11:24-26)

129.Q. What is Baptism?
A. The dipping of believers into water, as a sign of their union with Christ in his death, burial, and resurrection (In 3:23; Acts 2:41; 8:12, 35-38; Col 2:12).

130.Q. What is the purpose of baptism?
A. Baptism testifies to believers that God has cleansed them from their sins through Jesus Christ (Acts 22:16; Col 2:11-14).

131.Q. Who are to be baptized?
A. Only those who repent of their sins, and believe in Christ for salvation should be baptized (Acts 2:37-41; 8:12; 18:8; 19:4, 5).

132.Q. Should babies be baptized?
A. No; because the Bible neither commands it, nor gives any example of it.

133.Q. What is the Lord’s Supper?
A. At the Lord’s Supper, the church eats bread and drinks wine to remember the sufferings and death of Christ (Mk 14:22-24; 1 Cor 11:23-29).

134.Q. What does the bread represent?
A. The bread represents the body of Christ, broken for our sins (Mt 26:26; 1 Cor 11:24).

135.Q. What does the wine represent?
A. The wine represents the blood of Christ, shed for our salvation (Mt 26:27, 28; 1 Cor 11:25).

136.Q. Who should partake of the Lord’s Supper?
A. The Lord’s Supper is for those only who repent of their sins, believe in Christ for salvation, receive baptism, and love their fellow men (Mt 5:21-24; 1 Cor 10:16, 17; 11:18, 20, 27-33; 1 In 3:24-27; 4:9-11).

Part VI

Questions about the Last Things

137.Q. Did Christ remain in the tomb after his crucifixion?
A. No. He rose from the tomb on the third day after his death (Lk 24:45-47; 1 Cor 15:3, 4).

138.Q. Where is Christ now?
A. Christ is in heaven, seated at the right hand of God the Father (Rm 8:34; Col 3:1; H1 1:3; 10:12; 12:2).

139.Q. Will Christ come again?
A. Yes. At the last day he will come to judge the world (Mt 25:31-43; 2 Thes 1:7-10; 2 Tim 4:1).

140.Q. What happens to men when they die?
A. The body returns to dust, and the soul goes to be with God or to a place of suffering and waiting for judgment (Gn 3:19; Ec 12:7; 2 Cor 5:1-6; Hb 12:22,23; Ph 1:23; 2 Pet 2:9; Rm 2:5).

141.Q. Will the bodies of the dead be raised to life again?
A. Yes. ‘There shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust’ (Acts 24:14, 15; In 5:28, 29; Dan 12:2).

142.Q. What will happen to the wicked in the day of judgment?
A. They shall be cast into hell (Ps 9:16, 17; Lk 12:5; Rm 2:8, 9,12; 2 Th 1:8, 9; Rv 20:12-15).

143.Q. What is hell?
A. Hell is a place of dreadful and endless punishment (Mt 25:46; Mk 9:43-48; Lk 16:19-31).

144.Q. What will happen to the righteous in the day of judgement?
A. They shall live with Christ for ever, in a new heaven and a new earth (Is 66:22; 1 Thes 4;16, 17; 2 Pet 3:10-13; Rv 21:1-4).

145.Q. In light of these truths, what should you do?
A. I should strive with all my energy to repent of sin and believe savingly in the Lord Jesus Christ (Lk 13:23, 24; Jn 6:27; Acts 16:31).

From the book
Teaching Truth, Training Hearts” by Dr. Tom J. Nettles.
ISBN# 1-879737-38-0